“Punish all perpetrators of human rights violations in JK”

JK Bank

The Peoples Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR)- an India based group, has welcomed the report “Alleged Perpetrators” released by the International Peoples’ Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Indian-Administered Kashmir (IPTK) and Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP)  about the continuous impunity enjoyed by the paramilitary forces and the police in the Jammu and Kashmir.

PUDR, in its statement, acknowledges that this is the first ever study in India which has broken the cover of anonymity which protects the perpetrators by raising the principle of ‘individual criminal responsibility’ which is well established under International Criminal Law starting with Nuremburg Trials and several UN tribunals.


“It raises the principle of Command Responsibility and principle of Joint Criminal Enterprise which too forms part of International Criminal Law. The Indian State ‘authorizations’ to armed forces to carry out every kind of operation, often without adherence to laws and norms under draconian legislations such as AFSPA [Armed Forces Special Powers Act] on the pretext of combating militant violence while simultaneously being in breach of bringing India’s domestic laws in line with International Conventions such as against Torture, Enforced Disappearance and Genocide compounds the impunity extended to India’s security forces because certain crimes are non-justiciable under Indian’s domestic law,” PUDR said in the statement.

It said that the study exposes the state of impunity through a study of 214 cases, using information garnered from official State documents, which include FIRs, statements before police and/or magistrates, police final reports, High Court petitions, objections, other documents forming a part of the court record such as compliance reports, status report, judicial enquiries, State Human Rights Comission (SHRC) documents from complaints to objections, police submissions and final orders. It furthers added that the documents in custody of the State itself arraign the armed forces and the police of culpability in specific crimes but the study also supplements these documents with testimonies of victims and other witnesses.

It acknowledged that the report indicts the Indian State for pursuing a policy which engenders the state of impunity by listing 500 individual perpetrators, which include 235 army personnel, 123 paramilitary personnel, 111 Jammu and Kashmir Police personnel and 31 Government backed militants/associates.

While highlighting the findings of the report the PUDR said: “The study shows how State violence is institutionalized through a culture of institutional impunity to the state forces where the police, the judiciary and other organs of the government perpetuate the state of human rights violation. This has resulted in enforced and involuntary disappearance of an estimated 8000 persons, besides more than 70,000 deaths, and disclosures of more than 6000 unknown, unmarked and mass graves as of November 2012.”

Extending their solidarity, PUDR demanded the adherence to domestic and international obligations and punishment to all perpetrators of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir. It also demanded the withdrawal of security related legislations that are in contravention of international humanitarian laws and norms and ratification of Convention Against Torture, Convention Against Genocide and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance by the Government of India.


  1. I hope this will apply for the Bank Manger of J&K Bank Langate as well? The man responsible for making this bank managers wife widowed & his children orphans? I think he too had human rights? Or this day the life of Kashmiri’s was made so cheap?

    Let me remind you it was in Langate in 1975, when Mr. Maqbool Bhat barged into the local Branch of Jammu & Kashmir Bank. The bank manager of was resident of Srinagar-Jawahar Nagar to be precise. When this Bank Manager refused to allow him loot the money, he (Mr Bhat) shot dead that Manager (also a fellow Muslim). He ran away from the place and tried to run away through the careva (wudar) that is near by, Mind you he gave his identity to the people who caught hold of him. You may do some research on it and tell me what answer they told him.

    Mr. Bhat was caught by Kashmiris themselves and handed over to Police, at last. Hhe was not caught in any operation from any hide-out? I have not seen any race than Kashmiris who politically change colors within no time, even “Girgit” will be taken off the proverb.